November 5, 2023 ·

Your Guide to Buenos Aires Trees



Buenos Aires is known for its diverse and beautiful trees, which make the city’s greenery truly exceptional. From the majestic ombu tree to the vibrant jacaranda, there are numerous tree species that add to the charm of Buenos Aires. This guide will provide you with valuable information about the different types of trees in Buenos Aires and help you appreciate the city’s lush green landscape.

The Palo Borracho Tree – A Unique Native Species

The Palo Borracho tree, also known as the “drunken stick,” is a native tree species in Argentina. It is characterized by its fat and swollen trunk, which resembles a large beer barrel. This tree produces white, pink, and red flowers during the summer. However, it’s important to be cautious of the sharp protruding cones that come from the bark of younger Palo Borracho trees. The tree is an important part of Buenos Aires’ tree conservation efforts, showcasing the city’s commitment to preserving native species.

The Unique Trunk of the Palo Borracho Tree

The Palo Borracho tree’s distinctive trunk is one of its most fascinating features. With its swollen and fat appearance, resembling a beer barrel, it captures the attention of passersby. This unique trunk is not only aesthetically pleasing but also serves as a water storage system. It enables the tree to withstand periods of drought and provides it with the necessary resources to thrive in the arid climate of Buenos Aires.

Scientific NameChorisia Speciosa
Native toArgentina
Flower ColorsWhite, Pink, Red
HeightUp to 60 feet
Notable FeaturesSwollen trunk resembling a beer barrel, sharp protruding cones on younger trees

The Palo Borracho tree is a testament to Buenos Aires’ dedication to preserving its native species. As part of the city’s tree conservation efforts, the Palo Borracho tree stands as a symbol of the importance of maintaining biodiversity and protecting the natural heritage of Buenos Aires. The unique characteristics of this native species make it a beloved tree among locals and a sight to behold for visitors exploring the city’s green spaces.

The Importance of Tree Conservation in Buenos Aires

Buenos Aires takes tree conservation seriously, recognizing the vital role that trees play in maintaining a healthy and sustainable urban environment. The preservation of native species, like the Palo Borracho tree, helps to maintain the city’s biodiversity, contribute to cleaner air, and provide habitat for local wildlife. By prioritizing tree conservation efforts, Buenos Aires ensures that future generations can continue to enjoy the beauty and benefits that these magnificent trees bring to the city.

The Majestic Jacaranda Tree – Symbol of Buenos Aires

The Jacaranda tree is one of the most iconic and beautiful trees you’ll find in Buenos Aires. With its mesmerizing deep purple flowers, the Jacaranda stands out in the city’s parks and avenues, creating a stunning sight, especially in November when it’s in full bloom. This tree has become a symbol of Buenos Aires, adding to the allure and charm of the city’s urban tree landscape.

Jacaranda buenos aires

The Jacaranda tree was introduced to Buenos Aires by Julio Carlos Thays, the Director of Parks and Walkways of the city during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Thays played a significant role in designing and transforming Buenos Aires’ green spaces, and the Jacaranda is just one of the many tree species he brought to the city. Today, the Jacaranda is not only appreciated for its beauty but also recognized as an integral part of the city’s cultural and environmental heritage.

The Importance of Urban Trees in Buenos Aires

Planting trees in Buenos Aires, particularly species like the Jacaranda, has numerous benefits for the city and its residents. Urban trees help improve air quality by absorbing pollutants and releasing oxygen, creating a healthier environment for everyone. They also provide shade, reducing the temperature and making public spaces more comfortable during hot summer months. Additionally, the presence of trees enhances the overall aesthetics of the city and contributes to a sense of well-being.

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Benefits of Jacaranda Trees in Buenos AiresImportance of Urban Trees
Stunning purple flowersImproved air quality
Symbol of Buenos AiresShade and temperature regulation
Enhances city aestheticsContributes to a sense of well-being

Planting trees and preserving the existing urban tree canopy is an ongoing effort in Buenos Aires. The city recognizes the importance of trees for the environment, the community, and future generations, and continues to implement programs and initiatives to ensure their protection and growth. The Jacaranda tree is just one example of the incredible beauty and impact that trees have in Buenos Aires.

With their vibrant purple flowers and significant cultural significance, the majestic Jacaranda trees are truly a symbol of Buenos Aires.

La Tipa – The Iconic Tree of Buenos Aires Avenues

La Tipa is a tree closely associated with Buenos Aires’ leafy avenues. This majestic tree, scientifically known as Tipuana tipu, is native to South America and has become an iconic symbol of the city’s urban tree canopy. The trunks and branches of La Tipa trees have a dark, almost burnt appearance, giving them a distinctive and elegant look. However, what truly sets La Tipa apart is its stunning display of vibrant yellow flowers, which bloom in abundance during the spring.

Also read about: Explore Buenos Aires: City of Passion and Romance

In addition to its visual appeal, La Tipa also provides valuable shade and contributes to the overall cooling effect in Buenos Aires’ streets. The dense foliage of the tree acts as a natural shield against the scorching sun, making it a popular tree for urban landscaping. Despite its nickname as the “sad tree,” due to the droppings of insect larvae that can be found on its leaves, La Tipa remains a beloved and cherished part of Buenos Aires’ urban landscape.

la tipa

When it comes to tree conservation in Buenos Aires, efforts are being made to protect and preserve La Tipa trees. The city recognizes the importance of maintaining its urban greenery and is committed to ensuring the survival of this iconic species. Tree care and maintenance programs, including regular pruning and monitoring, are in place to support the health and longevity of La Tipa and other urban trees in Buenos Aires.

The Impressive Ombú Tree – A Symbol of Gaucho Culture

The Ombú tree is a familiar sight in Buenos Aires, particularly in parks and plazas throughout the city. Standing tall at up to 60 feet high, this majestic tree boasts a maze of roots that provide shade and a peaceful spot for locals and tourists to relax. Its unique appearance and cultural significance make it a symbol of not only Argentina and Uruguay but also Gaucho culture.

One interesting characteristic of the Ombú tree is its poisonous sap, which acts as a natural defense mechanism against pests. This feature, combined with its ability to adapt to the arid climate of Buenos Aires, has made the Ombú tree one of the best-suited trees for the city’s environment.

The presence of the Ombú tree in Buenos Aires is a testament to the city’s commitment to preserving its natural heritage. As a symbol of Gaucho culture, this tree stands as a reminder of Argentina’s rich history and traditions.

Table: Characteristics of the Ombú Tree

HeightUp to 60 feet
AdaptabilityWell-suited to arid climates

The Iconic Gomero Tree – A Landmark of Buenos Aires

In the vibrant city of Buenos Aires, one tree stands out as a true landmark – the Gomero tree, also known as the Ficus Elastica. This majestic tree with its enormous crown of roots and branches can be easily spotted in various locations, including the Recoleta cemetery. Its impressive size and unique appearance make it a true icon of the city.

gomero tree

There is some debate about the age of the Gomero tree, with some claiming it was planted in the late 18th century. Regardless of its exact age, there is no denying the significance of this tree in Buenos Aires’ history and culture. The Gomero tree has witnessed the passing of time and holds its own stories.

Check out: Bird Watching in Argentina: Top Spots & Species Guide

The importance of Buenos Aires tree conservation and tree care

The Gomero tree is not only a cultural icon but also a symbol of Buenos Aires’ commitment to tree conservation. The city recognizes the value of its trees and strives to protect and care for them. Tree care in Buenos Aires involves regular maintenance, including pruning, watering, and monitoring for pests and diseases.

Buenos Aires’ tree conservation efforts are vital for maintaining the city’s green spaces and preserving its natural beauty. These initiatives ensure that future generations can continue to enjoy the shade, beauty, and environmental benefits that trees provide.

Benefits of Tree Conservation and Tree Care in Buenos Aires
1. Improved air quality
2. Reduced urban heat island effect
3. Enhanced biodiversity
4. Increased property value
5. Enhanced quality of life for residents and visitors

By preserving and caring for trees like the Gomero, Buenos Aires ensures a sustainable and healthy environment for all. This dedication to tree conservation sets an example for other cities around the world.

Monkey Puzzle – A Unique and Interesting Tree

The Monkey Puzzle tree is a fascinating and distinctive species that can be found in Buenos Aires. Also known as the Araucaria tree, it has a unique appearance that has been compared to the whimsical creations of Dr. Seuss. This tree features an upward-growing, spiral arrangement of branches with dense, spiky foliage. Its name is derived from a Victorian observer who remarked that the tree would be a puzzle for monkeys to climb. The Monkey Puzzle tree adds a touch of unusual beauty to the tree landscape in Buenos Aires, captivating both locals and visitors alike.

The Monkey Puzzle tree is native to central and southern Chile and Argentina. It is well-known for its longevity, with some individual trees living for over 1,000 years. These trees can reach impressive heights, often exceeding 100 feet, making them a significant presence in the Buenos Aires skyline. The Monkey Puzzle tree produces large cones filled with edible pine nuts, which have been enjoyed by indigenous communities, including the Mapuche people, for centuries. Its rich cultural history adds to the tree’s allure and significance in the region.

Native Trees of Buenos Aires

The Monkey Puzzle tree is just one example of the diverse array of tree species that thrive in Buenos Aires. The city is home to a wide variety of native trees, each with its own unique characteristics and contributions to the urban environment. From the towering Ombú tree, symbolizing Gaucho culture, to the iconic Jacaranda tree that blooms with vibrant purple flowers, Buenos Aires is a treasure trove of natural beauty.

Also read about: The Ecological Reserve – Reserva Ecológica Buenos Aires Argentina

To gain a deeper understanding and appreciation for the trees of Buenos Aires, a visit to the Botanical Gardens in Palermo is highly recommended. The gardens provide a sanctuary for over 5,000 species of plants, showcasing the incredible diversity of flora not only from Argentina but also from around the world. Exploring the gardens’ green oasis is an opportunity to immerse oneself in the city’s natural heritage and experience firsthand the stunning beauty of Buenos Aires trees.

Common NameScientific NameCharacteristic
JacarandaJacaranda mimosifoliaDeep purple flowers, symbol of Buenos Aires
Palo BorrachoChorisia speciosaFat, swollen trunk resembling a beer barrel
OmbúPhytolacca dioicaLarge tree with maze-like roots, symbol of Gaucho culture
La TipaTipuana tipuYellow flowers, known as the “weeping tree”
GomeroFicus elasticaImpressive size with massive crown of roots and branches
Monkey PuzzleAraucaria araucanaDistinctive spiral arrangement of branches with spiky foliage


The Monkey Puzzle tree, with its unique appearance and rich cultural history, is just one example of the intriguing trees found in Buenos Aires. This city is a haven for nature lovers and tree enthusiasts, offering a diverse range of native and exotic species that contribute to its vibrant landscape. Whether it’s the striking purple blossoms of the Jacaranda tree or the majestic presence of the Ombú tree, Buenos Aires embodies the beauty and significance of trees. Explore the city’s green spaces, visit the Botanical Gardens, and immerse yourself in the captivating world of Buenos Aires trees.

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The Botanical Gardens – A Green Oasis in the City

The Botanical Gardens in Palermo are a true sanctuary for nature lovers in Buenos Aires. With over 5,000 species of plants, this botanical paradise showcases the exceptional diversity of flora from all over the world. From towering trees to delicate flowers, the gardens offer a stunning display of colors, scents, and textures.

As you stroll through the gardens, you’ll encounter breathtaking landscapes, meticulously manicured lawns, and carefully curated plant collections. The art installations scattered throughout the gardens add an element of surprise and enchantment. From towering sculptures to intricate mosaics, these artistic touches blend harmoniously with the lush greenery.

The Botanical Gardens also provide a tranquil retreat from the hustle and bustle of the city. As you explore the different sections, you’ll find hidden nooks and crannies where you can unwind and reconnect with nature. Whether you choose to sit under the shade of a towering tree or relax on a bench surrounded by vibrant flowers, the gardens offer a peaceful escape from the urban chaos.

Entrance to the Botanical Gardens is free, making it accessible to everyone. Whether you’re a nature enthusiast, a photographer, or simply seeking a moment of tranquility, a visit to the Botanical Gardens is a must during your time in Buenos Aires.

The Botanical Gardens – A Green Oasis in the City

  • Over 5,000 species of plants
  • Towering trees, delicate flowers, and vibrant colors
  • Art installations scattered throughout
  • A peaceful escape from city life
  • Free entrance for all visitors
LocationOpening HoursContact
Palermo, Buenos Aires9:30 AM – 6:30 PMPhone: +54 11 4831-4527

The Beauty of Buenos Aires Trees – A Reflection on the City’s Character

The trees of Buenos Aires contribute immensely to the city’s unique character and beauty. As you stroll through the streets and parks, you’ll encounter a remarkable variety of trees that enhance the urban landscape. From the vibrant Jacaranda with its deep purple flowers to the majestic Ombú tree, each species adds its own touch of charm and elegance.

These trees have not only beautified the city but also played a significant role in the lives of its residents. They provide much-needed shade during the scorching summer months, creating a more pleasant environment for locals and tourists alike. The green canopy formed by these trees not only cools the air but also improves air quality by absorbing pollutants and releasing oxygen.

Tree care in Buenos Aires is a priority, ensuring that these natural treasures continue to flourish. The city has implemented various conservation efforts, including tree planting programs and maintenance initiatives. This commitment to tree care reflects Buenos Aires’ dedication to preserving its natural heritage and ensuring a sustainable future.

The Benefits of Buenos Aires Trees

The trees in Buenos Aires offer numerous benefits to both the environment and the community. Here are some key advantages:

  • Improved air quality: Trees act as natural air filters, absorbing harmful pollutants and releasing clean oxygen.
  • Temperature regulation: The shade provided by trees helps cool the city during hot summers, reducing the need for excessive air conditioning.
  • Enhanced biodiversity: Trees attract and support a diverse range of wildlife, creating a thriving ecosystem within the city.
  • Visual beauty: The vibrant colors and unique forms of Buenos Aires trees create a visually stunning landscape that residents and visitors can enjoy.
  • Stress reduction: Spending time in green spaces surrounded by trees has been shown to reduce stress, improve mental health, and enhance overall well-being.

By caring for its trees and preserving its green spaces, Buenos Aires enriches the lives of its residents and visitors, creating a city that is not only visually appealing but also sustainable and environmentally conscious.

A Glimpse into Buenos Aires’ Tree Landscape

To give you a better understanding and appreciation of Buenos Aires’ trees, here is a table showcasing some of the most iconic species found in the city:

JacarandaKnown for its mesmerizing deep purple flowers, the Jacaranda has become a symbol of Buenos Aires.
OmbúThe Ombú tree, with its sprawling branches and maze-like roots, represents Gaucho culture and provides shade for locals and tourists.
Palo BorrachoCharacterized by its swollen trunk and vibrant flowers, the Palo Borracho is an important native species in Buenos Aires.
La TipaKnown for its yellow flowers and “weeping” appearance, La Tipa is a familiar sight along the city’s avenues.
GomeroThe Gomero, with its massive crown of roots and branches, is an iconic tree that can be found in various locations throughout Buenos Aires.

These trees are just a glimpse into the rich tapestry of Buenos Aires’ tree landscape. Exploring the city’s parks, avenues, and botanical gardens will unveil an even greater variety of species.

The trees of Buenos Aires not only add beauty to the city but also tell stories of its history and culture. They are a reflection of Buenos Aires’ character, reminding us of the importance of nature in an urban setting.


In conclusion, the diverse and stunning trees of Buenos Aires are the true gems of the city’s landscape. From the native Palo Borracho to the iconic Jacaranda, each tree adds a unique touch to the urban environment. The city’s commitment to tree care and conservation ensures that these trees continue to thrive and contribute to Buenos Aires’ natural beauty.

Exploring the different tree species and visiting the Botanical Gardens is a great way to appreciate and connect with the native trees of Buenos Aires. Whether you are an arborist or simply someone who appreciates the beauty of trees, Buenos Aires offers a paradise of greenery and natural wonders.

As you navigate the city, take a moment to admire the lush green landscape and the stories these trees hold. Every tree in Buenos Aires has witnessed the city’s history and stands as a reflection of its culture and heritage. So next time you find yourself strolling down the streets of Buenos Aires, remember to look up and appreciate the beauty of the native trees that make this city so special.


What are some of the most popular tree species in Buenos Aires?

Some popular tree species in Buenos Aires include the Palo Borracho, Jacaranda, La Tipa, Ombú, Gomero, and Monkey Puzzle trees.

Are the trees in Buenos Aires native species?

Some of the trees in Buenos Aires, such as the Palo Borracho and Ombú, are native to Argentina. However, the city also has imported tree species, like the Jacaranda and Monkey Puzzle trees.

Do the trees in Buenos Aires have any cultural significance?

Yes, many of the trees in Buenos Aires hold cultural significance. For example, the Ombú tree represents Gaucho culture, while the Jacaranda has become a symbol of the city itself.

Can I visit the Botanical Gardens in Buenos Aires?

Yes, the Botanical Gardens in Palermo are open to the public. Visitors can explore over 5,000 species of plants and enjoy the peaceful greenery in the heart of the city.

What is the importance of tree conservation in Buenos Aires?

Tree conservation is important in Buenos Aires to preserve native species, maintain the city’s green landscape, and contribute to a healthier environment for residents and visitors.

How can I care for the trees in Buenos Aires?

To care for the trees in Buenos Aires, it is essential to provide regular watering, pruning, and protection against pests. Consulting with a professional arborist can help ensure proper tree care.

What is the significance of the Gomero tree in Buenos Aires?

The Gomero tree, also known as the Ficus Elastica, is considered a landmark in Buenos Aires. Its impressive size and unique appearance make it a notable feature in places like the Recoleta cemetery.

Are the trees in Buenos Aires only found in parks and plazas?

While many tree species are found in parks and plazas, there are also numerous trees lining the city’s streets, providing shade and beauty throughout the urban landscape.

How can I appreciate the trees in Buenos Aires?

You can appreciate the trees in Buenos Aires by taking leisurely walks in parks and avenues, visiting the Botanical Gardens, and learning about the different tree species in the city.

Are there any precautions I should take when exploring Buenos Aires’ trees?

It’s important to be cautious of sharp protruding cones on younger Palo Borracho trees and to avoid contact with the poisonous sap of the Ombú tree. Following safety guidelines and respecting the trees’ natural habitat is essential.

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