Your Guide to Preposiciones (Prepositions in Spanish)
Like in any other language, prepositions in Spanish are connecting words that we use to indicate a relationship between a word (which can be a verb, noun or adjective) and a noun phrase (or noun or pronoun).
The most common list of Spanish prepositions goes as follows:
Unfortunately, prepositions often can’t be translated literally, which tends to discourage Spanish students. However, bear in mind that prepositions are hard in any language, because, more often than not, they require a lot of memorization.
“DE” is themost used word in Spanish. Therefore, you are going to hear it and use it a lot!
“DE” preposition can have a multiplicity of meanings, such as:
Possession: La casa de mi madre = My mother’s house
Origin:Él es de Argentina = He’s from Argentina
Materials:Una silla de madera = A wooden chair
Content: Un vaso de agua = A glass of water
Matter or topic:Un libro de Historia = A History book
Time: Trabaja de nueve a cinco = He works from nine ‘till five
Period of time:De noche = At night; de niño = When he was a kid
Besides, “de” has many other uses, which can vary according to the Spanish dialect you’re speaking or hearing. Just remember: this is the most used word in the Spanish language, therefore you can easily say that it’s everywhere!
Location: Estoy en Buenos Aires = I’m in Buenos Aires
Time (month, year, decade, etc.):Months: Eso sucedió en Julio = That happened on July
Festivities:La vimos en Navidad = We saw her at Christmas
On this list, we have given you some of the most common usages. However, this preposition is also quite frequent. In consequence, there are a lot of expressions, constructions and idioms that include “en”. For example, “en persona” (“In person”) or “en un segundo” (“In a second”). Very often, you’re going to have to learn them one by one and memorize them!